Digital Camera Photo Printing Tips

Home photo printers are getting better and better! Printing digital pictures at home has always been fairly easy, but now it’s also able to give great quality. My personal view is that 90% of the time a printer needs to have no less than 6 ink cartridges to reproduce a good photo print. This gives it a better chance of accurately rendering colors and producing smooth graduations between different ones.But even with a decent printer you can still mess up easily! We’ve all been infuriated by seeing our favourite snaps slowly emerge on the printer tray with a horrid red or blue tone that destroys the actual light! What little steps can you take to ensure this doesn’t happen, and that printing digital pictures on your home photo printer leads to good results every time…?Color Management Tips:So, the problem we’ve got to overcome is that computer screens and printers work on a different color system. The image on your monitor is made up of pixels in the RGB (red, green, blue) system. Meanwhile your printer produces photos made up of little dots of ink (dots per inch/dpi) comprised of the CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, key black) colors.Printers blend together the inks from their cartridges to accurately capture the colors in a photo. This leads to slight differences in the colors represented on a screen, which are built of individual pixels. But don’t worry, it’s easy to bridge this gap in color systems by playing around with the settings on your printer’s software.Firstly, here’s what I do to make sure my monitor is displaying photos as they should be printed. I calibrate the monitor using a ‘colorimeter’, like Spyder or ColorMunki. Then, I take picture in fairly plain daylight that features someone’s skin. This shot is then send off to a really top notch professional company, who render the colours and tones brilliantly. This print serves as a guide and standard against which to judge those produced on my own printer.What next? Well, successful photo printing involves making adjustments to the settings within the printer software, or ‘printer driver’…Using the Printer Driver:In Windows this can be accessed by going ‘Control Panel’ > ‘Printers and Faxes’ > ‘The name of your printer’. Then select ‘Printer’ from the toolbar and ‘Properties’ from the drop down menu.Printer drivers usually come complete with a few preset options, or ‘profiles’. A profile is just a combination of ink, paper and printer settings that will lead to good results. So do try these out, but you can fine tune things manually as well.If your printer is turning out images with an inaccurate color tone, giving everyone green skin or bright red lips (!), enter the ‘color management’ section of the printer driver. Here you can tweak the intensity of cyan, magenta, yellow and black in your prints, by simply using the sliders shown.Keep making changes until you get a print that accurately reproduces your on-screen photo and looks similar to the professional job you had done.Using Photoshop To Control Output:You can make the same adjustments to paper type, color intensities and so on using Photoshop or other editing software. In Photoshop go File > Print > Page Setup > Printer > Properties to access the settings.Do be sure to specify that the settings you have configured in Photoshop will determine the appearance of your prints, rather than those in the printer driver. Otherwise it’s possible to ‘double up’ and get very bad results.So if your digital camera photo printing has been less successful than you would have liked so far, making use of the color management options available in the printer driver or editing software should help you see an improvement.So, color management for photographers is actually pretty simple, and will greatly enhance the standard of your prints. Getting to grips with your printer driver, and Photoshop’s printing options is also well worth while.

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Printing Processes for Art Prints

You’ve finally bought that art print you’ve been eyeing and are looking forward to showing it off to your visitors and friends, but before you start hanging it on the wall, you might want to spend a minute or two to consider how these prints were made. That piece of art that you bought is certainly not the original. It is a reproduced print made from the original art work. Art prints are created using different printing processes, and you may have come across these different terms as you were making enquiries and shopping for your print. Before making your purchase, it would be helpful to know the printing process by which your art print was made. Below is a brief description of some of the more common printing methods for art prints:Giclee Print
pronounced as zhee-klay, it is a French word which means a spray or spurt of liquid. The name is descriptive of the way in which the print is created. A giclee is basically a digital printout of the original art work, created from digital scans of the original.Once the scan is made and the image digitally archived, a sophisticated printer then makes a high resolution printout with high quality inks. The printer does this using a fine stream of ink, resulting in vivid, pure color with exceptional detail. A giclee can be printed in various sizes and onto various mediums like canvas and photo paper.An advantage of giclee printing is the high level of accuracy and richness in color. Another advantage is that it enables artists to make easy reprints of their work to be sold, as and when required, or in bulk. It also avoids the heartache of selling off the original painting.Lithograph
A lithograph works on the principle that water and oil do not mix. A hand-made lithograph is a print made by drawing with an oily substance such as crayons and pencils on porous stone or metal plates. An Oil-based ink is then applied to the moistened stone that adheres only to the lines drawn. The plates are then pressed onto a sheet of paper to produce the final print.

Serigraphy, or screenprinting, is a stencil printmaking process in which high quality paper is placed beneath a screen (or stencil). Ink is then applied over the screen using a squeegee. The screen has certain portions cut out so that the ink can be transferred onto the paper below. This process is then repeated for different screens and color until the final picture is complete. Screenprinting can be used on a variety of surfaces such as textiles, ceramics, metal, wood and paper and is commonly used in industries from clothing to product labeling.

A monoprint or monotype is a printing process whereby the artist paints a design onto a plate using a low drying ink. The image is then printed before the ink dries. One characteristic of monoprints, as the term “mono” implies, is that only one unique impression can be made using this process. That is, no two prints will ever be alike.Canvas Transfer
A canvas transfer is a process of transferring an art work from a print onto a canvas. A special chemical is applied onto the art print, which when dried, can be separated from the paper and transferred onto a canvas. The canvas is then stretched across a frame and an artist will then apply brushstrokes to create the texture found on the original art work. The end result is artwork on the canvas that looks very much like the original.Enjoy the art!Copyright 2007 Edwin Mah

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Becoming Fashionable With Clothing Accessories

While some women focus on buying the most expensive clothing they can afford to look stylish, fashionable women have realized that expensive clothing doesn’t make someone look their best. Instead, it’s the accessories and how the look all comes together that reflects both your personality and helps you look your absolute best.Clothing accessories, from handbags to scarves to what you put in your hair, can create a very fashionable look without the need to wear overly trendy clothing. Fads come and go so quickly that you’d constantly have to be replacing your wardrobe to try to keep up with all the latest clothing- but with the right accessories you can make every item in your closet look fashionable and complete.First, you will want to be sure you have a few “must have” items at your disposal to help create your outfits:
several belts, in a variety of sizes, colors and styles
scarves, in a few different textures and colors
purses and handbags
hair accessories (ribbons, decorative clips, ponytail holders)
shoes (a girl can never have too many different types of shoes!)
Once you have your accessory inventory built up, you can easily accessorize your outfits to pull together a complete, fashionable look that will impress even the girls in the latest, most expensive clothing from the trendy store in the mall!You will want to choose accessories based on how they coordinate with the colors, textures and fabric of the clothing you’re wearing. If you stock your “accessory inventory” with neutral colored items, you’ll stretch your budget and be able to create more looks with the same items. You can almost always work in accessories that are solid colors of white, black and tan; but having a few selections in more vibrant colors will help you add interest to your favorite black dress or pants suit! Try pairing a red hat, red high heels and a red purse with your black pants suit and you’ll be an instant fashionista!Keep your eye on the fashion magazines to see what women are wearing and how they accessorize. Are over-sized purses in style now, or tiny handbags? Do women wear stripes and floral prints together or are they keeping to more solid patterns at the moment? Most importantly- pick styles that you are comfortable with and that make you feel good because the better you feel the more confident you will be.Jewelry, shoes and belts help you further accessorize your outfits and pull a complete look together. You don’t need a lot of jewelry, but having necklaces in different lengths will allow you to wear a longer chain with a v-neck shirt and a shorter chain with a sweater. Having matching bracelets or earrings will help you pull the look all together for a polished look. Pairing a wide belt with skinny pants is trendy, and you can often create a whole new look just by changing the style of jewelry you wear.Here’s a trick that you can do with necklaces! If you want to help pull the focus away from your neck and face a bit, you can wear long necklaces as the eyes naturally will follow the line of the necklace.

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